What is acne?
This is a skin condition that mainly occurs when hair follicles plug with oils and dead skin cells causing spots and pimples.
To many people, it is a condition that is very demoralizing. Having such blemishes especially on your face will make anyone uncomfortable, and they may lose their confidence. Due to this, many people particularly women tend to use makeup to cover up their scars and get that flawless look.
However, it is always best to deal with the root cause of your acne if not you will always use makeup which may make your skin worse.
Causes of Acne
There are a few causes of acne, and each person is different. The main reason why you should get to know the cause of your acne is because it will give you an advantage when you get to treat it.
Causes may include;
- Hormonal factors
- When puberty begins, you experience a rise of hormones called androgen which is converted to estrogen for women.
- These hormones cause the oil glands under the skin to grow and in turn produce more sebum. The excess sebum breaks down the cellular walls in the pores resulting in the growth of bacteria.
- This is how when most people get to the adolescence stage tend to experience breakouts on their face and even their bodies.
- Some medication
- Emotional stress
- Some dietary choices
- Oil-based makeup
Treatment for Acne
When it comes to acne, you find that it varies from one person to another. They could either be experiencing mild acne or moderate to severe acne.
- Mild Acne
This means that you have very few whiteheads, blackheads or inflamed bumps.
Mild acne can be treated with Over the Counter medication such as gels, lotions creams or soaps that are applied to the skin. However, you should always be cautious about your skin type to avoid using anything drying while you have dry skin.
The ingredients contained in this OTC drugs help break down whiteheads and blackheads, kill bacteria and replace the skin while reducing excess production of sebum.
These ingredients include;
- Benzoyl Peroxide
- Salicylic acid
- Azelaic acid
- Moderate to Severe Acne
These kinds of acne would require you to go in for a consultation with your doctor or dermatologist. They are in a better position to examine you and get to the root cause of your problem.
They would probably recommend some over the counter medication but in high volumes to make it stronger than that of mild acne.
- Use of oral contraceptives
These contraceptives are used by women to suppress the overactive gland. It is mainly used for long-term acne treatment.
- Corticosteroid injection
When a person has severe acne, they may encounter acne cysts that become severely inflamed and cause scarring if it raptures.
Using this injection reduces inflammation, prevents scarring and speeds up healing.
Always consult with your doctor to get the best treatment for your condition. There are other ways of treating acne so always allow a professional to lend a helping hand.
Tips On Managing and Preventing Acne
Once you are able to get rid of the acne, you need to ensure you keep it off and prevent it from occurring again.
You can achieve this by doing the following;
Know your skin type
You could either have oily, combination or dry skin. All skin types are prone to acne, but the most common ones would be the oily skin and combination skin. This is because of the excess sebum that is being produced by the body.
Knowing your skin type will help you choose the right products to use. For the oily skin, they should only use products that are formulated not to block pores.
Develop a skin care routine
This is a very crucial part of preventing and getting rid of acne. You need a skin care routine to ensure you at least cleanse your face twice daily, tone and moisturize. The best way to go about this is by adopting the 10 step Korean beauty (K-beauty) skincare routine. Their products and consistent use of the steps have proven to be very efficient and effective.
The 10 step routine includes;
- Oil-based cleanser
- Double Cleansing
- Sheet mask
- Eye cream
Take time to do your research to develop and stick to a specific skincare routine. You can simplify it all provided you cleanse and make sure to always moisturize your face.
Using hydrating products on your skin will make the skin glow and prevent any kind of breakouts. Avoid using makeup that will be drying to your face. Also, consider doing a facial sheet mask once in a while for the extra moisture boost.
Also, you should also increase your water intake. Strive to at least have 8 ounces of water on a daily basis. This is because if your body is not well hydrated, then it will produce more oil which will lead to breakouts.
Avoid exposure to sunlight
Exposure to the sun may be very bad for the skin over time. It may cause dryness causing the skin to produce too much oil and may clog the pores. This is why it is recommended to wear a sunscreen of SPF 50 and above to ensure you are keeping your skin safe from the rays.
Use tea tree oil
According to the Mayo clinic, tea tree oil can be used to treat and prevent acne and other skin conditions. It, however, should not be ingested but applied to the skin. You should also test it on your forearm before applying to the face to confirm if it will irritate your skin.
Eat and sleep well
Having a proper healthy diet has massive advantages to the body which eventually show through your skin. Also having an ample sleep will leave you rested and will rejuvenate your skin leaving it very radiant.
Always remember to avoid any food that may trigger your acne.
While stress does not cause acne, it could definitely make it worse. Research has shown that when you are too stressed your body produces oil stimulating hormones. The oil will make the existing condition even worse.
Engage yourself in any activities that help you relieve stress. This could be journaling, exercising, meditation or even yoga. Just do what feels right for you and feel better about it.
Acne is a condition that you can treat but would require you to be very committed and consistent. Be sure to develop a skin care routine that works and that you can stick to in the long run. Do your research and adopt what works best for you.